( Wenceslau Jose de Sousa Moraes, 1854-1929 )
In July 1913 Moraes retired from a Consulate General position in Kobe and ended his career as a Navy Commander, he then moved to Tokushima and began living there. The reason he chose to live in seclusion and retire from the rest of world is recorded in detail in his book gBon-Odori in Tokushimah (Chapter 41).
He chose a life not with the living- Den Nagahara, but with the cherished memory of the deceased- Yone Fukumoto whose hometown was Tokushima

Moraes recovered his health through the help of his companion Koharu, Yonefs niece, @ Moraes visited Yonefs grave twice a day, once in the morning and also once in the afternoon. He visited many places in Tokushima city, Ishi, Ikeda, Naruto (to see the whirlpools) and Komatsushima to observe and experience new things. He wrote enthusiastically about the life of the Japanese people.

After Koharufs death, Moraes wrote many famous books gOyone and Koharu,h gMendes Pinto in Japan,h gJapanese history,h gJapanese evening story,h gJapanese Spirits.h were the fruits of his efforts over seventeen years of writing.



Apart from his traveling and writings, it was rare that he made contact with the public and intellectuals. His later life was like that of hermit. However, few in Japan know about his achievements since his works were written in Portuguese and printed in his home country of Portugal.

It was not until six years after his death that Moraesfs achievements were conveyed publicly and on a large scale - at his seventh Buddhist memorial service on July 1st 1935. Mr. Jiroh Yumoto Superintendent of schools (who was from Nagano Prefecture, and worked at Tokushima Prefectural Board of Education) encouraged the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Education to publicize his works.

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